Here's a different take on the Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment and Wage estimates page. I've downloaded all the data and ranked states (for every occupation with at least 100 workers).

You can use the drop-down menus to filter by state or by occupation.

Occupation Selected: Materials scientists

Click on state name to filter.
State Jobs Average
Salary
Rank
Maryland 130 $97,510 1
Massachusetts 290 $94,290 2
New Jersey 270 $91,660 3
Virginia 210 $88,650 4
Pennsylvania 760 $86,150 5
California 800 $85,620 6
North Carolina 170 $80,690 7
Washington 190 $80,510 8
Illinois 770 $80,210 9
Wisconsin 470 $75,650 10
Connecticut 140 $75,310 11
Ohio 760 $75,290 12
Colorado 250 $74,800 13
Texas 1,070 $73,200 14
New York 530 $69,460 15
Arizona 200 $67,450 16
Indiana 240 $63,840 17
Tennessee 170 $63,800 18
Michigan 440 $61,190 19