Here's a different take on the Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment and Wage estimates page. I've downloaded all the data and ranked states (for every occupation with at least 100 workers).

You can use the drop-down menus to filter by state or by occupation.

Occupation Selected: Physical scientists, all other

Click on state name to filter.
State Jobs Average
Salary
Rank
District of Columbia 680 $104,830 1
California 2,730 $104,480 2
Virginia 880 $101,550 3
Maryland 1,720 $100,570 4
New Jersey 680 $96,460 5
Alabama 130 $95,330 6
Georgia 380 $90,580 7
Massachusetts 520 $88,230 8
Texas 650 $86,940 9
New York 1,920 $85,360 10
Nevada 130 $84,860 11
Pennsylvania 370 $83,320 12
Ohio 690 $81,660 13
Illinois 1,330 $80,670 14
Washington 660 $80,310 15
Mississippi 310 $78,340 16
Kansas 130 $78,330 17
Utah 120 $72,780 18
Oregon 190 $72,400 19
Colorado 1,260 $72,140 20
Michigan 560 $70,640 21
Florida 730 $68,940 22
New Hampshire 200 $62,460 23
North Carolina 760 $62,010 24
Louisiana 100 $61,490 25
Tennessee 390 $56,170 26
Wisconsin 380 $50,500 27
Puerto Rico 350 $42,910