Here's a different take on the Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment and Wage estimates page. I've downloaded all the data and ranked states (for every occupation with at least 100 workers).

You can use the drop-down menus to filter by state or by occupation.

Occupation Selected: Pediatricians, general

Click on state name to filter.
State Jobs Average
Salary
Rank
Louisiana 250 $177,110 1
Arizona 670 $167,780 2
Kentucky 420 $164,620 3
Mississippi 240 $164,150 4
Oregon 270 $159,990 5
Tennessee 570 $157,910 6
Colorado 230 $157,890 7
Wisconsin 340 $157,660 8
Minnesota 920 $156,150 9
North Carolina 660 $155,150 10
Texas 2,930 $154,190 11
Utah 320 $152,030 12
Oklahoma 160 $150,520 13
Ohio 1,910 $149,190 14
California 3,030 $148,250 15
West Virginia 220 $148,080 16
Massachusetts 1,670 $146,010 17
Florida 650 $143,050 18
Maine 180 $142,300 19
New Jersey 1,080 $142,220 20
Alabama 560 $141,730 21
Washington 410 $141,160 22
New Mexico 150 $139,140 23
Pennsylvania 850 $139,030 24
Iowa 110 $138,370 25
New York 1,340 $137,570 26
Missouri 550 $135,730 27
Michigan 590 $135,480 28
Connecticut 630 $133,560 29
Illinois 970 $133,530 30
Kansas 120 $132,750 31
South Carolina 280 $129,840 32
Rhode Island 380 $128,670 33
Virginia 1,020 $126,120 34
Arkansas 310 $124,760 35
Maryland 520 $124,510 36
Puerto Rico 120 $84,190